Four patriots who defended Gimhae fortress
Holy death of four patriots during the Japanese invasion in the Joseon period set an example for civilian soldiers at the time. Every April 20th by lunar calendar, the day they died, a memorial rite is held at Sachungdan to memorialize their patriotism.
Song Bin : He was a son of Song Chang, who was Jeoljesa(military commander) during the reign of King Jungjong. He was born in Hagye-ri, Jinyeong. He was a child prodigy and devoted to his parents. During the Japanese invasion, he tried to defend the south gate of Gimhae fortress using an excellent strategy but died in the fight against the Japanese.
Yi Dae-hyeong : He was born in Hwalcheon, Gimhae. His scholarly attainment and distinguished personality was well known but he did not seek government position and concentrated on learning only. He died while defending the north gate of Gimhae fortress.
Kim Deuk-gi : He was born in Geoin-ri, present day Oe-dong, Gimhae, and the 5th generation only son. He passed the military service exam when he was young but resigned from his post to avoid partisan politics. He came back home and concentrated on learning. Then, the Japanese invaded the area in 1592 and he went to Gimhae fortress, fought against the Japanese to defend the east gate, but he died.
Ryu Sik : He was born in Masan village, Daedong-myeon. His scholarly attainment was high enough to pass the civil service exam but he chose the scholar's path. When the Japanese invaded the area in 1592, he went to Gimhae fortress, fought against the Japanese to defend the west gate, but he died.
General Gwon Tak : When the Japanese were pressed by the civilian soldiers in many places, they took Korean people as prisoners of war while retreating and sent them to Japan. King Seonjo sent a letter to rescue them. Gwon Tak disguised himself as a relative of prisoner, infiltrated into the enemy camp, killed tens of Japanese and rescued about 100 Koreans held in captivity. The king's letter written in Korean was designated as Treasure No. 951 by the government and preserved in a pavilion.
Nammyeong Jo Sik : This poem was written by Nammyeong when he heard the news of king's death. He was born in Hapcheon, came to Gimhae when he was thirty, built a place called 'Sanhaejeong' in Judong-ri, Daedong-myeon and continued his scholarly pursuit and teaching for 18 years. After his death, he was posthumously given the title of Yeonguijeong, the highest civil service position, and a pen name of Munjeong.
Yi Yun-jae : He was born in Daeseong-dong, Gimhae, in 1888. He organized 'Korean language research society' with Jang Ji-yeong and Choe Hyeon-bae. He believed that 'even though our country is overthrown, it will revive someday as long as we have our language.'
He published a magazine called 'Hangeul(Korean)' and compiled a Korean dictionary after organizing the 'Committee for the compilation of Korean dictionary' with 108 people in 1929. But the Japanese imprisoned Yi Yun-jae and other Korean scholars to prevent the compilation of Korean dictionary under the pretext of independent movement. This incident is the famous 'Korean language research society' incident. He died in the prison in Hamheung at the age of 55. To memorialize his spirit, a Korean writing contest is held on October 9th, Korean language day. every year.