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What is Gayan Earthenware?

reddish bronwn soft earthenware

Gaya earthenware from the latter half of the third century to the beginning of the fifth century consisted of circular-based vases, short-necked jars, and mounted dishes with covers. Gaya earthenware from the early half part of the fifth century to the middle of the sixth century included long neck jars, bowlike pottery stands, and cylindrical pottery stands.

Gayan earthenware falls into several categories. One type of pottery includes a reddish brown soft quality earthenware from the latter half of the first century B.C. to the middle of the sixth century A.D. (the time of Gaya's downfall). This pottery suceeded the primitive earthenware that was hardened by an oxidizing flame, including comb pattern earthenware and plain earthenware from Korea's prehistoric age. As Gayan ingenuity increased, the Gaya began to use higher temperatures to make higher quality pottery. Tile quality earthenware was baked by a deoxidized flame in temperatures of 800 - 900°C. Ceramic earthenware was baked in temperatures of at least 1000°C.

tile quallity earthenware grayblue ceramic earthenware

Tile quality earthenware was a product of the Proto Three States Era (the latter half of the Three Han Era). Late Gayan pottery was a ceramic grayish blue hard quality earthenware, also known as Gaya or Silla earthenware. As reddish brown soft quality earthenware was produced throughout the whole Three Han Era and the Three States Era, ceramic quality earthenware best represents Gaya's earthenware.