Welcome to Gimhae Dear respected citizens of Gimhae City and netizens of the world We welcome you to the homepage of Gimhae City


About the Gaya Period

About the Gaya Period

The Gaya Period is the period in which the nations of Gaya had existed in the Gimhae area. The term 'The Period of the Three Nations', which is widely used, is inappropriate because in ancient Korea, Gaya also existed besides Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla. This term should be corrected for the accurate reconstruction of the history of ancient Korea. Of course, the term 'The Gaya Period' cannot replace 'The Period of the Three Nations'. It just means the period in which the nations of Gaya existed. The Gaya Period refers to the period of about 600 years from about the first century, in which several nations of Gaya began to appear in the Gyeongsangnamdo area, through the falls of Daegarak of Kimhae in 532 A.D. and Daegaya of Goryeong in 562.

About the name 'Garakguk' [The Kingdom of Garak]

garakgukki There are various names of Gaya of Gimhae, because there exists no records of its history written by the people of Gaya themselves, and it was written by the people of Baekje and Silla. Then, what was the name of Gaya that was used by the people of Gaya? Garak-guk-gi [The History of the Kingdom of Garak] in Sam-guk-yu-sa is the oldest existing records of the history of Gaya of Gimhae. According to Garak-guk-gi, King Suro founded a nation, and named it 'Dae-Garak' [Great Garak]. The name 'DaeGarak' represents both the historic fact that it is the largest among Gara and the pride of the people of Gaya. The people of Gaya called their country 'DaeGarak'. Hence, Gaya of Gimhae should be called 'Garakguk'[The Kingdom of Garak]. It is certain that King Suro as wellas the people of Gaya did not know the name 'Geumgwan Gaya'. The geographic name 'Geumgwan' was given by the people of Silla: 'geum' means 'iron' and 'gwan' refers to 'manange'. So, the name 'Geumgwan' represents the desire of Silla such that it would manage the iron of Garakgook. Therefore, the correct name of Gaya of Gimhae should not Geumgwan Gaya, but Garakguk.