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About the Silla Period

About the Silla Period

The Silla period in the history of Gimhae is from 532 A.D. when Garakguk is absorbed into Silla to the founding of Goryeo. The Gimhae area became Geumgwangun of Silla about 100 years before the falls of Baekje and Goguryeo. The name 'Geumgwan' was given at that time, and represents the desire of Silla that it would manage the iron of Garakguk. King Munmu of Silla changed the name into Geumgwan Sogyeong in 680 A.D. It was raised from 'gun', a county, of the provinces to the status of 'sogyeong', a small capital. King Gyeongdeok changed its name from Geumgwan Sogyeong to Gimhae Sogyeong. The name 'Gimhae' was first used at that time. The reputation of the kingdom of iron ('gim') and the sea ('hae') was still alive, and was represented in its name.

The maternal line of the royal family of Silla

The reason that King Munmu raised Gimhae to the status of 'sogyeong', a small capital can be found in his bloodlineage. King Munmu's parents were King Muyeol and Queen Munmyeong, who was a younger sister of Kim yu-shin. Both Queen Munmyeong and Kim Yu-shin are great grandchildren of King Guhae of Garakguk, so King Munmu's maternal line was from Garakguk of Gimhae. King Munmu changed his maternal line's family origin to Geumgwan Sogyeong, and gave the order to repair King Suro's tomb. The present large mound of King Suro's tomb was built at that time.

The biginning of the Silla Period

baewundae tumbs at gusangdong The relic that represents the beginning of the the Silla period in Gimhae is the Baekundae tumulus. As one of Gusandong tumuli, it has the structure of a 'dolbang' tomb, differently from the 'doldeotnal' tomb of Gaya. The structure of a 'doldeotnal' tomb of Gaya consists of a room with four stone walls in which a casket is placed, and a stone cover and a mound, so a 'doldeotnal' tomb was meant for only one burial. On the other hand, a 'dolbang' tomb has a door on a wall, so more than one burial were possible with it. The change from the 'doldeotnal' tomb of Gaya to the 'dolbang' tomb of Baekje and Silla shows that there was an important change of ruling powers. The Baekundae tumulus is estimated to be built the late sixth century. It is a new type of tomb that was built after Silla absorbed Garakguk in 532, and is a relic that shows the opening of a new era.