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Gimhae in the early Joseon

The Joseon period is usually divided into the first half and the second with the Japanese Invasion of Joseon in 1592 as the dividing point. Here, the history of Gimhae in the Joseon period will also be divided into three parts: the history of Gimhae in the early Joseon, the one during the Japanese Invasion and the one in the late Joseon.

Changes of administrative districts

Gimhae was designated as one of 'sugwan' in 1393. In 1413, it became Gimhaedohobu. In 1459, Gimhaejingwan was established, and Ungcheon and Jinhae were administratively governed by Gimhae, and Changwon, Chilwon, Haman, Goseong, Geoje, Jinhae and Ungcheon were militarily under the control of Gimhae.

The origin of local self-government

Below mayor of Gimhae, there were the heads of 'myeon', and the head of 'ri'. And the ways of administration were almost like present local self-government. 'Yuhyangso' was establised during the reign of King Taejong, and it was an advisory committee of the mayor, of which members were renowned 'yangban', a member of the higher social class. 'Yuhyangso' had very strong features of local self-government, and it restrained the mayor so much to the extant that King Taejong once closed it. 'Yuhyangso' played a very active role in Gimhae.

Key spot in the contacts with Japan

A report of a navy officer said in 1421 that thirty-four Japanese ships that were obtained from the military expedition to Tsu Island of Japan were getting rotten in the Nakdong River. This shows that Gimhae played a key role in the expedition. There was also a hotel for Japanese, which also shows that Gimhae was an important place for diplomatic contacts with Japan. On the other hand, Gimhae was strategically important for the defense of the south coast. In 1485, a corral was built in Noksan to raise war horses and cows. 'Bongsu' was used as a defense system in preparation of Japanese pirates' invasion. It was a signal-fire to let Seoul know Japanese invasions. In Gimhae there were three 'bongsu'.

Riot of Japanese and stone-throwing game

In January of 1510, the riot of the Japanese residents in Ungcheon, Dongnae and Ulsan broke out. They took Jepo, and surrounded Ungcheon Fortress. At that time, the soldiers that were good at throwing stones played a key role in defending the fortress. "Sinjeungdonggukyeojiseungnam" introduces a stone-throwing game as a custom of Gimhae. In the Day of Dano, the youth played the game of stone-throwing.

Nammyeong's teaching and Sanhaejeong

sanhae-jung Nammyeong Jo Sik, a famous confucian scholar, taught and studied confucianism in Gimhae for eighteen years. He was born in Hapcheon in 1501, and moved to Gimhae at 30, where his wife's parents lived. He built Sanhaejeong, where he taught students. The central government offered him a government official position, but he never accepted. In 1588, a private academy began to be built by Sanhaejeong, but the construction was interrupted due to the Japanese Invation in 1592. Completed in 1609, it was given the name of sinsanseowon. But, it was demolished by the Order of Destruction of Private Academies by Daewongun, and was rebuilt later. There is no shrine with the mortuary tablet of Nammyeong and it is a private academy only.