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Gimhae in the Japanese Imperialism

Military police rule by Japan

Korea became a colony of Japan in August of 1910. In 1918, twenty-three myeon that belonged to Gimhae-gun were reduced to 13 myeon. Military police replaced police in charge of security of Gimhae-gun.

Economic exploitation by Japan

japanese land-investigation 'Joseon Chongdokbu', the Japanese government in Korea, promulgated the Law of Land Survey on August 13 of 1912. The real purpose underlying the promulgation was to deprive Korea of its economic base. Through the land survey for eight years, 'Chongdokbu' took a lot of land, and then handed it over to Japapese real estate agencies and immigrants free or at a low price. The farmers of Gimhae were deprived of land and became a tenant who should pay high rate of tenacy. In 1914, by establishing Credit Unions in Gimhae, Jinyeong and Jangyu, they put the economy of Gimhae under their control, and practiced lawful usury. In 1915, Japanese opened up a mine in Noksan, and in 1926, a zinc mine in Sangrim.

Education under the Japanese rule

'Chongdokbu' promulgated the Law of Education in Joseon three times: in 1911, 1922 and 1938, respectively. The Law of Education in Joseon contained the educational policies and methods of Japan that aimed at the obliteration of cultural and spiritual traditions of Koreans. In accordance with the Law of Education, public elementary schools were established in Jinyeong (1919), Daejeo, Jangyu (1922), Garak, Myeongji, Saengrim (1923), hadong (1924) and Noksan (1927); private schools in Nokmyeong (1908), Myeong (1911) and Jinyeong (1919). Also, the elementary schools for the Japanese residents were established in Nakdong, Kimhae, Jinyeong, Daesa, Deokdu, Garak, and Sinmun. The education focused on producing pro-Japan Koreans faithful to the Japanese Emperor.